Share the Post

文学论文代写,Literature Essay代写,英文代写,北美外教原创,免费Turnitin,无限制修改,无论是高中语文课还是大学文学专业,我们都能针对具体的作业要求,提供质量上乘的学术写作服务。

什么是文学?

广义上,文学被认为是书面作品的合称,狭义上来讲,文学是指那些具备艺术形式的书面作品,比如诗歌、小说、散文、戏剧、传记、日记、回忆录等,后来还扩展到口头文学。文学是记录、保存、传播知识的艺术表现形式,能对政治、心理、精神、社会产生这样或者那样的影响。

文学分类

按照地区文化分为非洲文学、西方文学、海洋文学、中亚文学、南亚文学、东南亚文学等;

按照语言或者民族分为阿拉伯文学、凯尔特文学、拉丁文学、法国文学、日本17文学等。

按照文学的表现形式分为诗歌、散文、短篇小说、中篇小说、长篇小说、图画小说、戏剧等

文学是一个庞大的艺术领域,依托于人类语言形式得不断丰富,其自身表现形式也越来越多样化。

文学手法

  • 讽刺,Satire。讽刺主要是利用愤概、蔑视的的语气,巧妙的讽刺某些愚蠢或者恶俗行为,以此来揭露或纠正它们。比如赫胥黎在《新世界》中大量讽刺 了被认为是开明的、为西方国家所推崇的社会制度与习俗,包括一夫一妻制、宗教、社会平等这些政治上的道德伪概念。
  • 象征主义,Symbolism。象征主义存在于很多表达场合,比如在中国,红色代表爱国、国旗代表严肃与尊敬、玫瑰代表爱情。象征的对象或语言往往超出了其字面意思。文学上的象征手法主要分为三类:宗教象征、浪漫主义象征、情感象征。莎士比亚的十四行诗与《肖申克的救赎》都能很好的诠释象征主义的艺术魅力。
  • 隐喻,Mataphor。在不使用“as”、“like”、”与…一样”等字眼的基础上对两个事务进行比较,是借助A概念解释、理解、推导出B概念的一种逻辑演变过程。比如狄金森著有一首诗:《希望是有羽毛的东西

Literature需要学习哪些课程

在美国。文学专业一般归属于英语课程。它分为选修和必修两种课程设置。

  • 写作课程,比如创意写作、人文写作等,必修
  • 学术调研课程,美国大多数文学院会要求学生参加至少一门有关英国文学的调查课程。比如宾夕法尼亚大学的所有英语专业生必须修读1789年的英国文学
  • 专业文学课程,你可以根据自己的兴趣,选择特定的文化或地区文学进行深入学习
  • 选修课程,美国很多大学要求学生必须选择至少一门选修课来增加学习活动的多样性,比如俄亥俄州立大学要求学生必须修满选修课12分
  • 顶点课程。很多大学都要求学生针对具体的文学经典进行研究并最后写成项目论文,比如莎士比亚的喜剧

Literature Essay代写范例

Interpretation of One Hundred Years of Solitude

解读马尔克斯《百年孤独》

       Extensively recognized as Colombian writer Gabriel Márquez’s most popular work, “One Hundred Years of Solitude” narrates the accounts of Macondo, a fictional town in Colombia, as well as the rise and fall of the Buendia family, Macondo’s founders. Published in 1967 in Spanish as Cien años de soledad and later translated to 46 languages, the novel is widely cited as the foremost and supreme masterpiece of the magic realism style. Fascinatingly, Márquez’s fine work leverages mysteries spun out of almost nothing, unfolding patterns that double and recur and characters who inherit the dispositions and names of their family to give a sociopolitical allegory of the history of Colombia through seven generations of the Buendia family.

       Interpreted as a revelation and, more particularly a relation to Colombian history, “One Hundred Years of Solitude” has a plethora of information that hard-press readers and make it difficult for them to attain a familiar cognizance of everything taking place in one reading. That notwithstanding, a critical and metaphorical interpretation of the novel reveals a relation to both the foundational and contemporary history of Colombia through the events and lineage of the Buendia family. The family, led by the patriarch José Arcadio Buendía, embarked on a spirit of adventure that puts it at the core of crucial events of the Colombian History. Take, for instance, the perverse metaphors and symbolism that underpins the predominant theme of the inescapable and inevitable repetition of the fictional Macondo’s history.

        In “One Hundred Years of Solitude, the central characters are controlled by the complexity of time and their pasts. Interestingly, ghosts visit the characters throughout the novel in what can be interpreted as symbolic of the haunting past of Macondo. The displaced repetition that the metaphorical ghosts evoke are, in actuality, determinedly grounded on particular historical developments of Latin America, particularly Colombia.

The novel uses the utopic town of Macondo to allegorize and metaphorize the predetermined and doomed fate of Colombian historical events, including the Thousand Day’s War, the Banana Massacre where military officers massacred striking workers, and the corporate hegemony of the United Fruit Company. Thus, the use of these particular historical events underscores the supreme and exemplary magic realism in “One Hundred Years of Solitude,” especially how it compresses decades of cause and effect while giving an interesting account of a country’s history.